Rate of Henna
The entire shrub of henna grows in semi dried regions in a span of around 5
years with the right and correct climatic conditions. Temperature of 20
degrees and above is suitable for the best cultivation and growth. Henna
plant will not grow in the moist regions receiving heavy rainfall. After
three to four years of cultivation henna starts accepting fruits and flowers
which are collected in clusters once a year.
Henna plant is very easy to grow and cultivate. Germination process is very
slow, seeds are sown in the month of March and April, normally no pests
affect the plant and enough amount of watering is required from time to
time. Small quantities of fertilizers are required and used in henna shrub.
In the germination process, seeds are sown and grown unsheltered in open
fields. Henna grows well when subjected to highest levels of heat with
lowest moisture content.
Cultivation process of henna shrub is very fast and easy. With increasing
popularity and possessing various medicinal, cosmetic, coloring and other
properties henna is largely cultivated as a commercial plant. For the ideal
growth and cultivation of henna, rainfall needs to be minimum. It is a small
tree like shrub widely grown in the middle eastern and the South-Asian
countries. Growth of henna basically depends upon the climatic conditions
and requirement of soil. Since bronze age, henna has been used for body art
and hair dye but recently there had a recent renaissance in body art due to
improvements in cultivation processing.
Climatic Conditions and Soil Requirement
Henna containing high moisture content can be used only for fresh use not
for drying purposes as it contain very low levels of tannin. Tannin is
responsible for providing the dark maroon color to henna. Semi dry soil with
minimum amount of water is required for the ideal growth of henna. Less
amount of water helps henna in the development of tannin, ingredient used to
provide henna its major characteristic of imparting color.
Factors Affecting The Growth of Henna
Henna is a small tree which will only grow where the minimum temperature is
above 60 F or 11 C. It grows better and produce high level of tannins in dry
regions than wet regions. Some of the factors which are important and
essential for the growth of henna are :
Major Cultivation Regions
- Lowest moisture,
highest heat : In this case henna will have the highest level of
- Lowest moisture,
high heat : In this one henna will have high level tannins.
- Some moisture,
highest heat : In this case henna will have good tannin levels.
- Some moisture, high
heat : In this condition also henna will have good tannin levels.
- Dry moisture, hot
heat : In this case henna will grow and have moderate amount of
- Moist moisture, hot
heat : In this henna will grow and have moderate tannin levels.
- Damp moisture, hot
heat : In this condition henna will grow and have moderate amount
- Wet moisture, hot
heat : In well drained areas henna will grow with moderate tannin
- Very wet moisture,
hot heat : In this condition henna will have difficulty in growing.
Henna tree grows best in water retentive soils and areas. It is
commercially cultivated in countries such as western India, Pakistan,
Morocco, Yemen, Afghanistan, Somalia, Sudan and Libya. In India , Rajasthan
is the most heavily cultivated region with around 100 henna processors
operating in Sojat City. In other states like Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh &
Punjab henna is used as a major commercial crop where the climate is
relatively hot and dry and the rains are scanty. Twice a year henna is
harvested, best after the monsoon when the crop is ready by the months of
September & October while the February & March crop acts like a side